Sam is a first-year biomedical science student at university. His first assignment is to create a
poster about a lab practical. He is confused about what to do and asks his lecturer to
Lecturer: Does anyone have any questions about the assignment?
Sam: Yes… I’m a bit confused… what exactly do we need to include?
Lecturer: You need to include key information about the practical such as the steps
involved, the main findings and a short discussion. The information you include needs to be
clear and to the point, so try to use bullet points where possible.
Sam: OK… What about graphs and images? Can we include those?
Lecturer: Yes, you need to have a good balance of images and text to make your poster
attractive and eye-catching. Additional marks will also be awarded for presentation and
layout, so plan your layout very carefully.
Sam: And what about font? Which one should we use and what size?
Lecturer: Use a font which is easy to read and about size 24. Your main title and subtitles
should be larger.
Lecturer: I can show you some good examples from previous years to give you an idea of
what you’re aiming for. Although, please remember that it’s your poster, so you must try to
make it individual, creative, and effective!
Sam: That would be a great help - thank you!
To run up against
To experience something difficult and unexpected.
The politicians ran up against strong opposition from the people.
To wrestle with
To try very hard to deal with a problem or a difficult situation.
I wrestled with the decision for a few months before deciding to quit.
To think through
To carefully consider the possible results of doing something.
I need some time think this through before making a decision.
To knuckle down
To start working or studying harder.
He’s going to have to knuckle down if he wants to pass the course.
To talk over
To discuss a
problem or situation
We talked over the
issues in the
making a decision.