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Discussing Diabetes

Mike is at his friend George’s house. They are talking about George’s health condition which

is diabetes…

Mike: What’s that George?

George: It’s my glucose meter. I’m diabetic so I always keep it with me to monitor the

amount of glucose in my blood throughout the day.

Mike: Ah, I’ve heard of diabetes before, but I really don’t know much about it...

George: OK - let me explain! Most of the functions of the human body are controlled by

hormones. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, controls the amount of sugar in our

blood which is used by the body to generate energy. Insufficient production of insulin leads

to diabetes.

Mike: Ah, I see. I also heard that you can’t eat sugar – is that true?

George: Well, not exactly. Most foods contain sugar, either natural sugar or added sugar. But

I have to try and avoid foods like sweets, chocolate, cakes and biscuits because they contain

very high amounts of sugar and fat. Although, having diabetes doesn’t mean I have to give up

all of my favourite foods - I just have to try and maintain a well-balanced and healthy diet. I

can have foods which contain some sugar but not too much of course.

Mike: And what about drinks?

George: Well, I’ve got used to drinking diet drinks because they don’t contain sugar. Using

an artificial sweetener instead of sugar also helps a great deal with drinks. I carry my

sweetener with me all the time.

Mike: Speaking of drinks, I’m thirsty! Why don’t we go and get ourselves something to

drink? A diet drink of course!

George: Sounds good!

Cups of Coffee
Discussing Diabetes


Phrasal verb
Example sentence
To come around

To become conscious again after an illness or an operation

One hour after the operation, she started to come around.

To shake something off

To get rid of an illness

I really hope I can shake this cold off before the weekend.

To pass out

To become unconscious for a short period of time.

When the ball hit her on the head, she passed out.

To pick something up

To start to suffer from something

She picked up the cold when she was- on holiday.

To come down with something

To start to suffer symptoms of an illness.

I think I’m starting to come down with the flu.

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