Talking about Love and Marriage
Robert and Jess are a happily married couple. After dinner, they are relaxing in the living
Jess: Honey, I’ve just read something interesting here in this magazine! Did you know that
there are different types of love?
Robert: No - what are they?
Jess: Here, it says there are five types of love... Ludus, Storge, Mania, Pragma and Eros.
Ludus is playful and flirtatious love. Storge is unconditional love for your family…
Robert: And what about the others?
Jess: Mania is an obsessive love, Pragma is a committed and compassionate love, and Eros is
a romantic and passionate love.
Robert: What about ours? Which category do you think we fit into?
Jess: I’m caught between two types, Storge and Pragma. Let me read the definitions and you
can decide... Storge love develops over a period of time rather than in one mad burst of
passion. Storge love is characterised by compassion, respect, and concern for a partner.
Robert: And Pragma?
Jess: Pragma love is a kind of practical love founded on reason, duty and fulfilling long-term
needs and desires. The focus is on shared goals and ‘making it work’.
Robert: Do I have to choose one of these? I think we’re quite lucky because we have all of
these qualities in our marriage!
Jess: You’re right - I don’t think that love can be defined or even classified by type... Every
relationship is completely unique!
To let down someone
To make someone disappointed when you have not fulfilled a promise.
She promised that she would be there but she let me down.
To break down
1. To become very upset.
2. When something stops working
1. She broke down when she opened her results.
2. The lift broke down.
To bring somebody/something down
1. To make someone lose their powerful position.
2. To make something end.
1. He brought his boss down by exposing personal emails.
2. The rise in export prices could bring the hospitality industry down.
To bottle something up
To refuse to talk about things when someone is worried or upset.
After his father passed away, he bottled his emotions up and wouldn’t talk to anyone.
To get something across
To make someone believe or understand something
He tried to get his point across but his manager wouldn’t listen.